Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr

Last updated: 3 August 2015

Scientific Name

Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr


Poikilospermum sinense (C.H. Wright) Merr. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Akar setawan, centawan, mentawan (Peninsular) [2]; entaban (Borneo); murah [3], tentawan, sentawan, semelit papan, ara jangkang, akar murah [4]
China Zhui tou ma [3]
Indonesia Mentawan (Malay); besto, kalas, lesa (Javanese); areuy kakejoan (Sundanese) [2][4]
Thailand Airai (Bangkok); charai (Peninsu­lar); khaman (South-Eastern) [2]
Philippines Anopol (Igorot, Bikol); hanopol, kanupul (Tagalog) [2]
Cambodia Krâpë rôô [2]
Vietnam Sung d[aa]y, rum th[ow]m [2].

Geographical Distributions

Poikilospermum suaveolens is widespread and is found in India, In­dochina, South-Eastern China, Thailand, the Nicobar Islands, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and the Philippines. [2]

P. suaveolens is found up to 1500 m altitude. It prefers more open forests and brushwoods, but is rare in monsoon forests. [2]

Botanical Description

P. suaveolens is comes from the family Cecropiaceae. It is an epiphytic, dioecious, evergreen, stout and woody climber or scrambler. [2]

The leaf blade is broadly ovate to ellipti­cal or obovate, measuring 10-40 cm x 6-25 cm and usually hairless. The leaf base is wedge-shaped to distinctly cordate and acute to obtuse at apex. [2]

The flowers are in pseudo-umbel­lules. The male flower is sessile. There are (2-)4 tepals which are strongly incurved. There are (2-)4 stamens. The female flower is pedicel­late and with 4-lobed perianth. The stigma is with ligule. [2]

The fruit has one seed and is entirely covered by the persistent perianth. [2]


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Chemical Constituent

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Plant Part Used

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Traditional Use

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Preclinical Data

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Clinical Data

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Poisonous Management

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Line drawing


Figure 1 : The line drawing of P. suaveolens [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013. [updated 2012 Apr 18; cited 2015 Jul 30]. Available from: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-33400931
  2. Poikilospermum suaveolens (Blume) Merr. In: van der Vossen HAM, Wessel M, editors. Plant resources of South-East Asia No 16: Stimulants. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers: 2000.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 656.
  4. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research.Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 2. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 245.