Pometia pinnata J.R. Forster & J.G. Forster

Last updated: 3 August 2015

Scientific Name

Pometia pinnata J.R. Forster & J.G. Forster


Dabanus acuminatus (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Dabanus pinnatus (J.R.Forst. & G. Forst.) Kuntze, Irina alnifolia Blume, Irina glabra Blume, Irina tomentosa Blume, Nephelium acuminatum Hook.f., Nephelium pinnatum (J.R.Forst & G.Forst.) Cambess., Pometia acuminata (Hook.f.) Radlk., Pometia alnifolia (Blume) King, Pometia coriacea Radlk., Pometia glabra (Blume) Teijsm. & Binn., Pometia macrocarpa Kurz, Pometia tomentosa (Blume) Teijsm. & Binn., Racosperma elatum (Benth.) Pedley. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kasai daun kecil, kasai daun besar (Peninsular) [2]; enselan, kasai (Borneo); asam kuang, kelisar, langsir [3]
English Pinnate pometia [3]
China Fan long yan [3]
Indonesia Kayu sapi (Javanese) [2]; Leungsir (Sundanese); Langsek anggang (Sumatran) [4]
Thailand Saen ta lom [2]
Philippines Malugai-liitan (Tagalog); tugaui (Bikol, Tagalog) [2]
Vietnam C[aa]y tr[uw][owf]ng, tr[uw][owf]ng m[aaj]t, s[aa]ng [2]
Papua New Guinea Obahu [2], ibula, lavakoko, taun, ton [3]
Fiji Dawa [3]
Tonga Tava [3]

Geographical Distributions

Pometia pinnata is from Sri Lanka and the Andaman Islands, throughout Southeast Asia towards Taiwan, Fiji and Samoa. [2]

P. pinnata occurs in primary and secondary forests up to 500(-1700) m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

P. pinnata is comes from the family Sapindaceae. It is a medium-sized to fairly large tree that can grow up to 40(-47) m tall. The bole is measuring up to 100(-140) cm in diametre. [2]

The leaves are with 3-13 pairs of leaflets which have dentate margins while the alternate secondary veins end in a tooth. [2]

The inflorescence and sepal are often hairy. [2]


P. pinnata survives at places where the mean annual temperature ranges between 22-28°c, the mean maximum being 25-32°c and the minimum tolerated 5-16°c. [2]

P. pinnata prefers a deep, rich, moist soil and a position in full sun or light shade for optimum growth. The tree is found on a variety of soils in its native range such as on limestone, clayey, sandy or loamy soils, mostly in dryland forest, and occasionally in freshwater swamps. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation


Line drawing


Figure 1 : The line drawing of P. pinnata  [2]


  1. Useful Tropical Plants. Pometia pinnata J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. [homepage in the Internet]. c2014 [updated 2015 Jul 21; cited 2015 Jul 30]. Available from: http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Pometia+pinnata
  2. Pometia pinnata J.R. Forster & J.G. Forster. In: Soerianegara I, Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(1): Timber trees: Major commercial timbers. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers; 1993.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 686.
  4. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research.Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia. Volume 2. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 251.