Psychotria rostrata Blume.

Last updated: 3 August 2015

Scientific Name

Psychotria rostrata Blume.


Chassalia rostrata (Blume) Miq., Chassalia rostrata var. latifolia Miq., Polyozus acuminata Blume, Polyozus latifolia Blume, Uragoga rostrata (Blume) Kuntze. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Nyarum, sedoman, segerang (Peninsular) [2]; piralu (Sakai); [3][4] seruwai jantan, gerang, jinteh betina, semputih kecil, telur ayam, hempedu tanah, lempenong budak, api-api rimba, pena-pena hutan, mata pelanduk hutan, mempoyan rimba [3].

Geographical Distributions

Psychotria rostrata is found in the Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo. P. rostrata is a variable species and is common in lowland forest, from 50-1000 m altitude. [2]

Botanical Description

P. rostrata is a member of the Rubiaceae family. It is a slender and erect shrub measure around 1-3 m tall. The leaf-bearing nodes are alternating with leaflets nodes with the distance between them at 1-1.5 cm long. [2]

The leaves are elliptical to narrowly lance-shaped, 10-22 cm x 1.5-9 cm. The base is acute and the apex is long, tapering, acute, smooth and conspicuously veined. The stalk is 0.5-1.7 cm long. The leaflets nodes are tubiform, large and long-persistent. The panicle is 1.5-6 cm long, slender and hairless. The peduncle is 0.5-3 cm long. The styles on the flowers are of the same length and shape. They are white with short pedicel. Its sepal is bell-shaped and 1-2 mm long while the petal tube is 2 mm long with 4 1 mm long lobes. The stamens are inserted at ring, slightly exserted while its style is enclosed. [2]

The fruit (berry) is ellipsoid, spherical or obovoid. It is broad or narrowed at the base, which is about 7-12 mm long, weakly 4-5-ribbed, orange and pale when dry. [2]


No documentation

Chemical Constituent

No documentation

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

No documentation

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

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Poisonous Management

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Line drawing


Figure 1 : The line drawing of P. rostrata  [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Psychotria rostrata Blume. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013. [updated on 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Jul 31]. Available from:
  2. Ong HC, Brotonogoro S, 2001. Psychotria rostrata Blume. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 2001; p 459-460.
  3. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research.Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia, Volume 2. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. pp. 264-265.
  4. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p.756.