Sterculia foetida L.

Last updated: 27 Aug 2015

Scientific Name

Sterculia foetida L.


Clompanus foetida (L.) Kuntze, Sterculia mexicana var. guianensis Sagot [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Kelumpang, kelumpang jari, kelapong, kayu lepong [2], kelupang [3]
English Great sterculia, hazel sterculia, horse almond, indian almond, java olive [3]
China Xiang ping po [3][4]
India Badam, jangal badam [3], jangli badam [4]
Indonesia Jangkang, kepuh,kepoh, poh (Javanese); kepoh, koleangka (Sundanese) [2]
Thailand Sam, sam rang, chamahong [2]
Philippines Kalumpang [3]
Vietnam Trom hoi [3]
Sri Lanka Kadutenga, kaduteynga, pinari, telambu, telembu [3]
Nepal Kaju.[4]
France Arbre puant.[4]
Spain Anacagüita [4].

Geographical Distributions

Sterculia foetida is distributed from Eastern Africa, India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, throughout the Malesian region (but not reported for Sarawak and Papua New Guinea), Northern Australia and Hawaii. [5]

S. foetida occurs in primary and secondary forest, often on river banks and on coral sandstone rocks along the coast, up to 1000 m altitude. The heartwood is pinkish and has a pungent smell. The density is 495-600(-760) kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. [5]

Botanical Description

S. foetida is a member of the family Sterculiaceae. It is a medium-sized to fairly large deciduous tree, which is measure up to 40 m tall with its bole is measure about 90(-120) cm in diametre. The buttresses are up to measure 1.5 m high, sparsely cracked bark surface and peel off into large pieces or slightly fissured and dippled, lenticellate and whitish-grey to greyish-brown in colour. The inner bark is fibrous, brown or reddish-brown in colour and stout twigs which are measure about 25 mm in diametre. [5]

The leaves are palmately compound with (5-)6-10 leaflets, with a size of measure 10-25(-45) cm long petiole, caduceus stipules, elliptical to lanceolate in shape of leaflets, with a size measure about (7-)12-15(-20) cm x (3-)4-6(-7) cm, acute at the base and glabrescent. [5]

The inflorescence is an axillary or subterminal and paniculate. The sepal is with obconical tube that is hairy inside and 5 lance-shaped spreading lobes, which are much longer than the tube. The male flowers are with 14-15 anthers. The follicles are usually 5, suborbicular or boat-shaped, measure 8-14 cm long and red in colour. [5]

The seed is measures 2-3 cm long, ellipsoid and black in colour. [5]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of S. foetida [5]


  1. The Plant List.  Ver1.1. Sterculia foetida L.[homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2015 Aug 18]. Available from:
  2. Herbal Medicine Research Centre. Compendium of Medicinal Plants Used in Malaysia. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC-IMR: 2002. p.361.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Volume IV M-Q. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p. 405.
  4. Philippine Medicinal Plants. Kalumpang. Sterculia foetida L. [homepage on the Internet]. no date [updated 2013 Oct; cited 2015 August 27] Available from:
  5. Sterculia foetida L. In: Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers; 1995.