Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wall. ex Hook.f.

Last updated: 28 August 2015

Scientific Name

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wall. ex Hook.f. 


Euodia odorata H. Lév., Fagara gigantea Hand.-Mazz. [Unresolved], Zanthoxylum diabolicum Elmer, Zanthoxylum giganteum (Hand.-Mazz.) Rehder, Zanthoxylum myriacanthum var. myriacanthum, Zanthoxylum odoratum (H. Lév.) H. Lév., Zanthoxylum rhetsoides Drake. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Chengkring, kabu-kabu utan (Peninsular) [2][3]; kekabu hutan, kekabu jawa, membuluh, membola, memali [4]
English Thorny ivy-rue [2][3]
Philippines Madbad (Samar-Leyte Bisaya) [2][3]
Vietnam S[er]n l[as] to, ho[af]ng m[ooj]c nhi[eef]u gai [2][3].

Geographical Distributions

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum is found in India (Assam), Northern Vietnam, Southern China, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak) and the Philippines. [2]

Z. myriacanthum is locally common in secondary forests and thickets on hills and mountains. [2]

Botanical Description

Z. myriacanthum is a member of the family Rutaceae. It is a dioecious, evergreen, small to medium-sized tree that can grow up to 25 m tall. The branches are with straight prickles, generally swollen and hollow. [2]

The leaves are arranged alternately, imparipinnate on stems measuring 25-45(-60) cm long, with opposite to subopposite leaflets, 9-19(-23), elliptical, measuring 8-18 cm x 2.5-8 cm and pellucid dotted while the margin is finely glandular and crenate. The terminal or axillary panicle is 15-25 cm long. [2]

The flowers are about 3 mm long, 5-merous, with 5 sepals and 5 petals white and pale yellow to violet in colour. The male flowers are with 5 stamens, and 3 rudimentary carpels while the female flowers are with 3(-4)-carpellate ovary. The follicle is nearly spherical, measuring 3-6 mm in diametre, and single or up to 3 together. [2]


No documentation.

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: the line drawing of Z. myriacanthum [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver 1.1. Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wallich ex Hook.f. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated on 2012 Apr 18; cited 2015 Sept 10]. Available from:
  2. Uji T. Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wallich ex Hook.f. In: van Valkenburg JLCH, Bunyapraphatsara N, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 2001; p. 597-598.
  3. Quattrocchi U. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms and etymology; Volume V R-Z. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 2012. p 822.
  4. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research.Compendium of medicinal plants used in Malaysia, Volume 2. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 451.