Myristica elliptica Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thomson

Last updated: 04 August 2016

Scientific Name

Myristica elliptica Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thomson (unresolved name) [1]


No documentation.

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Penarahan arang ayer (General), tabah, tajam penggali (Peninsular) [2]
English Swamp nutmeg [2]
Indonesia Sungkit-sungkit (Sumatra) [2]
Thailand Chan-muang (Nakhon Si Thammarat) [2].

Geographical Distributions

Myristica elliptica is distributed from Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak and Kalimantan) and intervening islands. [2]

Botanical Description

M. elliptica is a member of the Myristicaceae family. It is a small to medium-sized tree up to measuring 33 m tall. Its bole is up to measure about 95 cm in diametre and with buttresses or stilt roots in the wet habitats. The bark is smooth or rough and reddish-brown to grey-brown or pale brown in colour. [2]

The leaves are chartaceous, with a size of measuring about 12-18(-28) cm long, hairless and slightly glaucous below. The secondary veins are 12-17 pairs, faint and slightly raised above. [2]

The male inflorescence is measure about 2-2.5 cm long with short branches. The male flowers are measuring about 8-9 mm long and smooth to appressed puberulous while the female flowers are measure 8-9 mm long. [2]

The fruit size measure 7-8 cm long, obliquely oblong in shape and smooth. [2]


M. elliptica is closely related to M. simiarum. It occurs in seasonal and permanent swamp areas, on river banks, less frequently in undulating country at low and medium altitudes. [2]

Chemical Constituent

No documentation.

Plant Part Used

No documentation.

Traditional Use

No documentation.

Preclinical Data

No documentation.

Clinical Data

No documentation.


No documentation.

Poisonous Management

No documentation.

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of M. elliptica [2]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Myristica elliptica Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thomson [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from:
  2. Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers; 1995.