Cinnamomum sintoc Blume

Last updated: 13 September 2016

Scientific Name

Cinnamomum sintoc Blume


Cinnamomum calophyllum Nees, Cinnamomum camphoratum Blume, Cinnamomum cinereum Gamble, Cinnamomum coriaceum Cammerl., Cinnamomum laxiflorum Meisn., Cinnamomum pseudosintok Miq., Laurus calophylla Reinw. ex Nees & T.Nees [Invalid]. [1]

Vernacular Name

Malaysia Medang teja lawang, sintok [2]
Indonesia Sintok, huru sintok (Java); Huru sitok, kiteja (Sundanese); Madang sangit, madang lawang (Sumatera) [3]
Thailand Lu Cha, Luk K [2]

Geographical Distributions

Cinnamomum sintoc is found in Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands and Borneo. [4]

Botanical Description

C. sintoc Blume belongs to the family Lauraceae. It is a medium-sized to fairly large tree that can grow up to 39 m tall with its bole up to 70 cm in diametre while the buttresses are up to 2 m high. Its bark surface is smooth to shallowly fissured, with lenticels and the inner bark is red with white striations. [4]

The leaves are arranged opposite or subopposite, measuring 7-22.5 cm x 2.5- 8.5 cm with narrowly to broadly wedge-shaped base. The apex is blunt to acuminate, hirsute below and 3-veined. The main veins are prominent while the tertiary venation is reticulate and very faint on both surfaces. The petiole is 0.8-1.8 cm long. [4]

The inflorescence is an axillary or pseudo-terminal panicle. It is 10-15 cm long. The flowers are grey and densely covered with short soft hairs. [4]

The fruit is oblong to ellipsoid, measuring about 1.8 cm x 0.8 cm and seated on a cup-shaped perianth with an entire margin. [4]


C. sintoc is common in hill forests, but does occur in lowlands and montane forests, up to 2400 m altitude. [4]

Chemical Constituent

C. sintoc has been reported to contain safrole, g-muurolene, eugenol, linalool,   terpinen-4-ol, a-cadinol, germacrene D, a-terpineol, d-cadinene, a -copaene, allo-aromadendrene, cubenol, tetradecanal , octadecanoic acid, pentadecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, tetradecanoic acid, methyl (Z)-cinnamate. [3][5]

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Traditional Use

It was reported that the roots of the tree was taken in a decoction during pregnancy and also during the confinement period to avoid post-partum depression. Amongst the Malays sintok form part of a paste applied to the head of women immediately after birth to prevent dizziness and flatulence associated with the process. The bark is used as a bath for women after menstruation as a cleanser and refresher. [6] It is included in the Indonesian jamu “sehat wanita” where it increase body strength and increase resistance to disease. [7]

The barks and leaves are used to treat chronic diarrhoea. It is said to possess antispasmodic properties and is used to treat lower abdominal colics. [8] It is a vermifuge and is used to treat intestinal parasitism. [4]

In Sumatra an infusion of the bark and leaves are made into mouthwash to treat inflamed gums while in Malaysia they are made into a poultice for ulcers. They are considered a tonic and is used to as a bath for people in convalescence. The bark is used to treat chronic diarrhoea and also acts as an antispasmodic. [8] The roots in the form of a decoction are a remedy for syphilis and have been used in the treatment of venomous bites of insects and serpents. [6] Wounds are treated using powdered form of the bark. [9] Burkill reported its used in the treatment of numbness of the feet. [10]

Preclinical Data

No documentation

Clinical Data

No documentation


No documentation

Poisonous Management

No documentation

Line drawing


Figure 1: The line drawing of C. sintoc Blume [3]


  1. The Plant List. Ver1.1. Cinnamomum sintoc Blume. [homepage on the Internet]. c2013 [updated 2012 Mar 23; cited 2016 Aug 4]. Available from:
  2. Mat-Salleh K, Latif A. Tumbuhan ubatan Malaysia. Bangi, Selangor: Pusat Pengurusan Penyelidikan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2002. p. 83
  3. Hidayat RS, Rodame MN. Kitab tumbuhan obat. Indonesia: Agriflo, 2015; p. 362
  4. Lemmens RHMJ, editors. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.5(2): Timber trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 1995; p. 139
  5. Ibrahim BJ, Mira FY, Ayop N, Abu SA. Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of Peninsular Malaysia. Flavour and fragrance Journal. 2005; 20(6):601-604.
  6. Noraida Arifin. Penyembuhan semula jadi dengan herb. Malaysia: PTS Litera Utama, 2005; p. 221-222
  7. Harini MS, Inge L. Some ethnophytomedical aspects and conservation strategy of several medicinal plants in Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas.20023(2):231–235.
  8. Wiart C. Medicinal plants of Asia and the Pacific. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 2006; p. 16.
  9. Burkill IH. A dictionary of economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives of Malaysia; 1966. p. 562
  10. Gimlette JD, Burkill IH. The medical book of Malayan medicine. Singapore: Gardens’ Bulletin VI, 1930; p. 342.