Articles

Selectivity of silymarin on the increase of the glutathione content in different tissues of the rat.

Author

Valenzuela A, Aspillaga M, Vial S

Date

10/1989

Journal

Planta Med

Abstract

Silymarin, a flavonoid extracted from the seeds of the milk thistle, Silybum marianum, increases the redox state and the total glutathione content of the liver, intestine, and stomach of the rat. The same treatment does not affect the levels of the tripeptides in the kidney, lung, and spleen. This selective effect of the flavonoid on the digestive organs is ascribed to its pharmacokinetics on the digestive track, where the biliary concentration of silymarin is increased and maintained via the entero-hepatic circulation.