Training & Education Introduction

Welcome to this page on Training & Education.

While it is well documented that the popularity of T/CM is on the rise, there is also concern regarding the standard of care provided by T/CM practitioners. This concern is partly driven by the apparent lack of standardization in the training of T/CM practitioners. While Medical Schools the world over are benchmarked against universally accepted criteria, the same cannot be said of T/CM schools. To begin with, training of T/CM practitioners through classical university educational system is a relatively new phenomenon. There is also the lack of internationally acceptable criteria on the training standards. The diversity of the different T/CM modalities makes standardization in training a more daunting task compared to conventional medical training.

There is also a lack of uniformity when it comes to the question of who is responsible for accreditation of T/CM schools. While conventional medical schools are traditionally under the purview of Medical Councils or relevant regulatory authorities’ the same cannot be said of T/CM training. In some countries accreditation of T/CM training is done by the respective T/CM Councils which usually has legal implications, while in others it is done by associations or societies which may not be legally binding. In some countries, the Ministries of Health are directly involved in the accreditation of TC/M practitioners, while in others they are not involved.

This part of the website is compiled to assist both consumers as well as current and prospective practitioners obtain credible and contemporary information on the various aspects of T/CM training. Information gathered has been vetted for accuracy of contents and credibility of information. There was correspondence with all institutions listed to seek their permission and to ensure accuracy of information.

Priority is given to information on courses which are accredited by relevant associations, regulatory authorities or ministries. The World Health Organization (WHO) at the present time does not have a listing of accredited T/CM courses or T/CM schools. The WHO, however, has released recommendation of Quality assurance of Traditional Medicine Education and has released recommended syllabus on certain aspects of T/CM training.

Besides information on accredited courses, this site also contains important information on the process of course accreditation in countries where these courses are offered. There is also useful information on student visa requirements and some frequently asked questions (FAQ). We trust you will find this site useful and informative.


What levels of training are offered in T/CM?

Various levels are offered from undergraduate to postgraduate qualifications depending on the institutions. Examples of qualifications offered are - certificate, diploma, advanced diploma, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, doctorate etc.


What are the different training modalities offered in T/CM?

Listed on this website is the following T/CM modalities (Please click on the modality for more information or list of courses):- Acupuncture, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Herbal Medicine, Natural Medicine, MassageChiropractic, Reflexology, Kampo Medicine, Malay and Indonesian Traditional Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Yoga.


I'm a school leaver. I'm interested in pursuing a course in T/CM. Can I have a list of universities offering such courses at undergraduate level?

Yes. Please kindly click on this link for a list of Undergraduate-level courses.


I'm a degree holder. I'm interested in pursuing a course in T/CM. Can I have a list of universities offering such courses at postgraduate level?

You can click on this link for a list of postgraduate-level courses.


How do I enroll into these courses?

Application procedures will depend on the universities which you apply to. Most universities have downloadable forms and instructions. All of them have contact details which candidates can use to enquire and gain information.


Can I apply online?

Some institutions do offer the option to apply online but most of them require candidates to download an application form and send it through post.


Do I need to graduate from an institution to be eligible for these courses?

Not necessarily. Depending on the courses, some courses are at entry / undergraduate level in which candidates don't need to be a college graduate prior to application. However, some courses will require college experience and other requirements. Detailed entry requirements are usually specified by respective institution.


Are all the courses offered as full time?

Not all, some courses can be studied full time as an option while some courses are only offered as part-time study.


I can only pursue T/CM courses as a part-time student. Can I have a list of part-time courses?

Yes. Certain courses are offered on part-time basis, please click here for more details.


How long are the courses?

This usually depends on the type of qualifications. For an example, certificates may not take too long (1-2 years) compared to diploma or bachelor’s Degree (3-5 years). The duration of training is usually specified by the institution.


What could I expect to gain by enrolling into these courses?

Most of these courses will prepare students for professional employment. However, some courses may only prepare students for higher-level courses (most certificate or fundamental courses are in this category). Some courses (particularly postgraduate courses) will help to enhance student's existing qualifications.


Are these courses accredited and who awards the accreditation?

Yes, all of the courses listed in this website are accredited. In some cases, accreditation is only valid for a particular country, while in others it is across-countries. Accreditations may also be done by different bodies, sometimes even within the same country. For example, some courses are accredited by government through relevant ministries (usually the Ministry of Health or Ministry of Higher Education) whilst others are accredited by expert societies / associations or statutory bodies such as T/CM Councils.


How much do I have to pay to enroll into these courses?

Fees will be specified by the relevant institutions. The fees depend on the type, level and duration of the course.


Are there any other costs in addition to the main tuition fee?

This depends on the institutions involved; some will specify other costs such as books, materials, labs, accommodation, while some may not. Candidates may refer to the institution office for additional information.


Do the institutions offer courses for international students?

Yes, most of them do. However, some may not specify details for international students, so candidate may have to contact the institution office to enquire.


If I want to apply for a course in a specific country, how do I go about it?

This website has listed courses from 10 countries. Please click on the country to view courses available. The countries are India, China, Indonesia, Singapore, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, U.S.A. and Canada.


What is the role of WHO in regulating T/CM practice worldwide? Is there a WHO listing of recognized T/CM schools worldwide?

The WHO has no direct regulatory power over training of T/CM in different countries. It however plays an advisory role by issuing guidelines on quality standard expected of T/CM schools. The WHO has also published educational guidelines for certain modalities in particular on chiropractic. A recent publication of WHO entitled WHO Global Atlas of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine contains some information on training. There is no WHO listing of T/CM schools at the moment. For more info on WHO, please visit the official website.

I'm interested to learn T/CM in a non English-speaking country. Do I have to learn the indigenous language to enroll?

This will depend on the course. For an example, many Traditional Chinese Medicine courses in China require the candidate to pass a certain language exam.