Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Inhibition of the infectivity and cytopathic effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) by the immunoactive fractions obtained from LEM, which is an extract of the culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia, is reported. A purified fraction, EPS4, obtained from LEM by ethanol precipitation followed by hydrophobic chromatography and gel filtration chromatography completely inhibited the HIV-1 induced cytopathic effect in vitro at concentrations of greater than or equal to 10 micrograms/ml. Chemical and spectral analysis revealed that EPS4 is composed of water-soluble lignins containing minor amounts of protein (3.2%) and sugars (12.2%). Taken together with the previously reported observation that EPS4 promotes the activation of macrophages and the proliferation of bone marrow cells, the fraction appears to possess both an immunostimulating activity and an anti-HIV effect in vitro.