Professional Bodies / Organisations

National Organisations:

  1. National Institute Of Unani Medicine (NIUM)
  2. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM)
  3. Central Council of Indian Medicine.

National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM)

The National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM) is located in the Southern Indian state called as Karnataka in the capital city of Bangalore.It is established in 1984.[1]

It is an autonomous institute directly working under the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family welfare, Government of India. NIUM is registered under the Karnataka Societies Act, 1960.

The total campus of NIUM is spread about on an area of 55 acres. NIUM campus has Administrative Block, Hospital Building, Hostel, Pharmacy and Academic Block.

NIUM has following objectives/ functions:

  • To promote growth and development of Unani Medicine.
  • To undertake research in various subjects of Unani Medicine and provide training in teaching and research at postgraduate level.
  • To produce post graduates in relation to all the subjects of Unani Medicine.
  • To conduct experiments and develop patterns of teaching post-graduate education in relation to all subjects of Unani medicine.
  • To provide medical care through Unani System of Medicine for suffering humanity. 

Affiliation

NIUM is affiliated to the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka. NIUM is obligated to follow the curriculum designed by the Central Council of Indian Medicine. 

Departments

NIUM has following departments:

  • Dept. of Moalajat  (Medicine)
  • Dept. of Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology)
  • Dept. of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib (Social & Preventive Medicine)
  • Dept. of Ilmul Qabalat wa Amraze Niswan (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
  • Dept. of Ilmul Saidla (Unani Pharmaceutical preparations)

The facilities available at NIUM are library, pharmacy, herbal garden, hospital of 100 beds capacity and a hostel.

Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM)

The Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) is an autonomous institute of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.

CCRUM was established in 1978 in New Delhi India and the head office located in the capital of India, New Delhi. It is one of the leading organisations in India for the development and promotion of Unani medicine.[2]

The main objectives / functions of CCRUM are:

  1. Clinical research.
  2. Drug research.
  3. Literary research.
  4. Survey & cultivation of medicinal plants.

CCRUM has undertaken clinical studies on 30 diseases in the Clinical research programme. Following are the examples of some diseases under clinical studies: 

  1. Vitiligo
  2. Sinisitis
  3. Infective Hepatitis
  4. Hyperlipidemia
  5. Diabetes mellitus
  6. Duodenal ulcer
  7. Psoriasis
  8. Rheumatoid arthritis
  9. Cosmeto—therapeutic trials on greying of hairs,
  10. FiIariasis
  11. Hypertension

The Drug research programme of CCRUM has checked and screened new 120 Unani medicine formulations for various diseases. Clinical trials on 55 formulations at CCRUM were performed. CCRUM has successfully developed 20 Unani drug formulations which are being decoded by publishing the studies in the form of monographs and these Unani medicines are being applied for patent. 24 Kit Unani medicines are developed by the council for common and seasonal ailments.

The literary research programme of CCRUM hastranslated 52 important classical manuscripts / books from Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages to English and other regional languages of India. The information for the Unani classics comprising of 77,000 formulations collected from 14 classics in 35 volumes was developed.

The survey and cultivation of medicinal plants programme has successfully surveyed eleven (11) states of Indian forest areas, collecting about 59462 plants specimens. This information has already been developed and published in four volumes. The experimental and large-scale cultivation of medicinal plants programme, council has successfully cultivated about 22 important plants species on experimental basis.

CCRUM at all the regional centres has an out patient department, which dispenses medicine free of charge to the general public. There are 200,000 thousand patients are treated annually at the CCRUM centres.

CCRUM has 25 branches spread all over the Indian states. These branches include:

  • Two Central Research Institutes of Unani Medicine
  1.  Hyderabad CCRUM.
  2. Lucknow CCRUM.
  • Eight Regional Research institues at the following places:
  1. Chennai.
  2. Bhadrak.
  3. Patna.
  4. Kolkatta.
  5. Ali Garh.
  6. Delhi.
  7. Srinagar.
  8. Mumbai.
  • Six Clinical research centres at the following places:
  1.  Allahabad
  2. Karmganj Assam.
  3. Bhopal.
  4. Burhanpur.
  5. Bangalore.
  6. Meerut.
  • Four Drug Standardisation Research Units at the following places:
  1.  New Delhi.
  2. Lucknow.
  3. Chennai.
  4. Bangalore.
  • One Chemical research Unit at Aligarh.
  • One Literary research institute at New Delhi.

Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

The Central Council of Indian Medicine is the main regulatory institution which is formed under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970. CCIM was established in 1971 in the capital of India New Delhi. CCIM is responsible for implementing various regulations including the Curricula and Syllabi in Indian Systems of Medicine viz. Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Medicine at Under-graduate and Post-graduate level. The Colleges of Indian Systems of Medicine are affiliated to various Universities in the Country follow the standards of education and Curricula and Syllabi, prescribed by CCIM.

Objectives of the CCIM are [3]:

  • CCIM prescribes, regularises, and implements minimum standards of education in Indian Systems of Medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani Medicine.
  • CCIM is an advisory board for the Central Government in relation to recognition of medical qualification of Indian Systems of Medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani Medicine.
  • CCIM maintains the Central Register on Indian Medicine, which is updated annually.
  • CCIM implements the standards of Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Code of Ethics to be observed by the Indian Systems of Medicine practitioners.

International Organisations 

  1. The Graeco-Arabic (Unani) Medicine Society Incorporated. Australia.
  2. Unani Medical Association. U.M.A. India.
  3. South African Tibb Association.

The Graeco-Arabic (Unani) Medicine Society Incorporated, Australia

The Graeco-Arabic Medicine Society was established in 1972 in Elizabeth South Australia. The main functions of this society are to encourage research and practical applications, leading to the development of traditional medicines and the evaluation of traditional treatment methods. The society is also involved in the implementation of educational and practice standards for practitioners of Graeco-Arabic Medicine (Unani) and in the promotion of Graeco-Arabic (Unani) Medicine in the Western world.[4]

Contact details :

Graeco-Arabic Medicine Society Inc.
P.O. Box 432,
Elizabeth, South Australia 5112.
Phone/Fax: (08) 8254 8602
Int’l. Phone/fax: 61 8 8254 8602
Email: gams@traditionalmedicine.net.au

Unani Medical Association. U.M.A. India

The Unani Medical Association of India U.M.A. was constituted in 2002. U.M.A. headquarters is in Hyderabad India.[5] The following are the objectives of U.M.A.:

  • Education for Unani doctors / practitioners
  • Research and development
  • Informal education
  • Free tuitions and coaching classes
  • Health care and relief
  • Free Unani treatments for T.B.
  • Free eye operations.
  • Clinics and free medical camps
  • Social welfare and relief work

Contact details:

Unani Medical Association #17-1-182/M/97 Madannapet
Santosh Nagar Hyderabad
Andhra Pradesh India – 500059
Mobile: +91 9985252899, +91 9246167253
E-mail: rafi_shakeeb@yahoo.com

South African Tibb Association (SATA)

The very well renowned Unani Physician Bhikha is the founder of the South African Tibb Association. The South African Tibb Association was established in 1997 as an NGO. The Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb is a Unani Medicine training institution which works under the guidance of SATA.[6]

Functions / objectives of SATA:

  • Unani Tibb Practitioners Education, training and development.
  • Unani Tibb Wellness centre.
  • Helping & assisting South African poor & underprivileged communities in the areas of healthcare, education, food programmes etc.

Contact details :

Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb
1137 Anvil Road Robertville, Roodepoort,  Johannesburg South Africa.
Tel: +2711 991 7300
Fax: +2711 472 6672
e-mail:info@tibb.co.za

Consumer Organisations

  1. Pakistan Tibbi Pharmaceutical manufacturers Association.
  2. European Herbal & Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association.
  3. Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).

Pakistan Tibbi Pharmaceutical manufacturers Association:

Pakistan Tibbi Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (PTPMA) is the Pakistan’s only association which represents Unani pharmaceutical companies. PTPMA is dedicated towards for the advancement and promotion of Unani Pharmaceutical industry in the Country, by incorporating modern Good Manufacturing Product (GMP) methods for the manufacture of Unani Medicines and standardizing the formulations of Unani Medicines on scientific basis.

PTPMA was established in 1978 under the name of Pakistani Unani Dawakhana Association with its head office at Karachi. [7]

The founder members of the organization:

  • Hamdard Dawakhana (waqf) Pakistan. Karachi
  • Dawakhana Hakeem Ajmal Khan. Lahore
  • Qarshi Dawakhana Lahore
  • Ashraf Laboratories, Faisalabad
  • Tayyabi Dawakhana, Karachi
  • Hafiz Sons Laboratories Unani, Lahore
  • Bara Dawakhan, Faisalabad
  • Javed Unani Laboratories, Mianwali

PTPMA got its recognition in 1983 and got its head office transferred to Lahore. PTPMA is well established all over Pakistan. Currently PTPMA has 6 zones offices spread over the country.

Contact details :

  • Karachi Zone

President
Dr. Navaid Ul Zafar
Managing Director: Hamdard (Waqf) Pakistan.
Al Majeed Hamdard Center, Nazimabad No 3, Karachi 74600.
Tel: 021-6616001-4,
Fax: 021-6611755 Cell: 0300-8242627
Email: hamdard@khi.paknet.com.pk
Web: www.hamdard.com.pk [8]

Secretary
Mr. Muhammad A. Qayyum
Managing Director: Medics Laboratories
DP 32, Sector 12 C, North Karachi Industrial Area Karachi 75850
Tel:021-6975461-2,6980783,6952528
Fax: 021-6950946 Cell: 0300-8272090
Email: info@medicslab.com [9]
Web: www.medicslab.com

  • Lahore Zone

President
Hakeem Muhammad Usman Sheikh
Chief Executive: Marhaba Laboratories
142 Main Industrial Estate Kot Lakhpat Lahore
Tel:042-111 152 152
Fax: 042-5115281 Cell: 0333-4237370
Email: info@marhaba.com.pk
Web: www.marhaba.com.pk [10]

Secretary
Mr. M. Ibraheem Ramay
Chief Executive: Top Treatments
100 B, Multan Road Lahore
Tel:042-7416334 Fax: 042-7465522

  • Faisalabad Zone

President
Mr. Qasim Mahmood
Chief Executive: Riaz Dawakhana
29 New Civil Lines, Near Commissioner Office Faisalabad
Tel:041-8846145, 8846146
Cell: 0300-8661264, 0321-6670033
Email: riazdawa@fsd.comsats.net.pk

Secretary
Hakeem Muhammad Shahzad Taj
Chief Executive: Rehman Unani Dawakhana (Regd)
Mohallah Afghan Abad, H No 369/P, Street No 11, Faisalabad
Tel:041-2615379
Cell: 0321-6681369

  • Mianwali Zone

President
Hakeem Abdullah Malik
Chief Executive: Javiad Laboratories (Regd)
I/17/2, Mohallah Miana, Minawali
Tel:0459 230652, 233652,
Fax: 0459 232652 Cell: 0300-6097850

Secretary
Mr. Gulzar Khalid Rana
Chief Executive: New Pak Herbal Pharma
K/110, Mohallah Miana, Mianwali
Tel:0459 232979
Fax: 0459 230752
Cell: 0320-5291146, 0300-6081146
Email: pakherbal@hotmail.com

  • Multan Zone

President
Hakeem Rana A. Sattar
Chief Executive: Markaas Traditional (Unani) Medicine
57- Waqas Town chungi No 1, Multan
Tel:061 4515899
Cell: 0321-6323623
Email: markaas@pakistans.com

Secretary
Mr. Syed tumtraq Mahasin
Chief Executive: Sailor Laboratories
126- Small Industrial Estate Sahiwal
Tel:0441 54561-3
Fax: 0441-54560
Cell: 0300 8690199

  • Peshawar Zone

President
Hakeem Muhammad Abdullah
Chief Executive: Afghani Dawakhana
Bazar Qissa Khwani Peshawar City 25000
Tel:091 2216684
Cell: 0333 9156878

Aims and objectives:

  • The main aim of PTPMA is to ensure the Unani products are of uniform and high standard.
  • PTPMA provides guidelines to the Unani pharmaceutical industries on the quality, safety and effectiveness of Unani products.
  • PTPMA represents Unani pharmaceutical industries at national and international level in their regulations and relationships with the state Governments, Central Government and with the statutory agencies.
  • PTPMA regularly checks Unani pharmaceutical industries for quality manufacturing following GMP for the Unani pharmaceutical industry.
  • PTPMA acts as a bridge between other system of medicines and Unani Pharmaceutical manufacturers.
  • PTPMA regularises the export of Unani medicines produced by Pakistan’s Unani pharmaceutical industry.
  • For legislations of the manufacture of Unani medicines, PTPMA aliases with the Ministry and Department of Health.

European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association

The European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association (EHTPA) was founded in 1993. The herbal practitioner associations in the UK, Ireland and Denmark initiated the formation of EHTPA.[11]

The EHTPA is made up of professional herbal/traditional medicine associations. There are about 1500 members who are professional practitioners. The professional herbal /traditional medicine associations are: Western herbal medicine (phytotherapy), Chinese herbal medicine, Ayurveda, Unani Tibb and Traditional Tibetan medicine.

EHTPA aims and objectives are:

  • Development of standards of training and education.
  • Accreditation of training institutions,
  • Safety and quality of unlicensed herbal remedies.
  • Implementation ofTraditional Herbal Medicinal Products Directive (THMPD).
  • Promoting best herbal practices.
  • Ensuring the availability of herbal medicines in UK and EU.
  • Representing herbal and traditional medicine practitioners across Europe.

Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)

AYUSH was formed in 1995 under the name of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H), renamed in 2003 as AYUSH. This department is an autonomous body which directly works under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India. AYUSH is responsible for educational standards, quality control and standardization of drugs, availability of medicinal plant material, research and development and implementing acts and rule and regulations for ethical Unani medicine practices.[12]

Objectives: 

  • To enhance the academic standards for Indian systems of medicine.
  • To promote research in Unani, Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha and Homeopathy.
  • Cultivation of medicinal plants and transferring cultivation technology to the medicinal plant farmers.
  • Standardize Unani, Ayurveda, Yoga, and Siddha medicine formulations.
  • AYUSH maintains the central register of all Unani, Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha and Homeopathy practitioners.

AYUSH controls the manufacture, sale and distribution of Unani medicines under the Drugs and Cosmetic Act 1940. The Department of AYUSH has a technical board called as Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Technical Advisory Board (ASUDTAB) which takes care of the sale and distribution of AYUSH Drugs. Unani Pharmacopoeia Committee is one of the sub branches of AYUSH which takes care of the preparation of single and compound Unani medicines.

Code of Ethics

The Codes of ethics for Unani System of Medicine are not available in other countries. India is taken as a standard for code of ethics as it has very well established Unani medicine Codes and practice regulations. The codes of ethics for Unani system of medicine in India are as follows:

Advertising

Advertisement in the newspaper, hand bills, pamphlets, placards or circular cards etc by a Unani medical practitioner is un-ethical. There is no personal picture or photos of the Unani physicians can be used in any form or manner of advertisement or publicity, how ever the personal photos can be used for publishing books authored by the Unani physicians purely meant for medical literature written for the advancement of Unani system of medicine. Advertisement through hoarding and tour programmes is un-ethical

Nomenclature of qualification

It is compulsory for a Unani medicine practitioner to display the correct degree or diploma after his/her name with the registration number given by the Central Council of Indian Medicine. 

Change of address

Any change of address must be informed immediately by every practitioner of Unani medicine to the respective Council and the Control Council.

  • A practitioner may announce in the Press in the following ways:
  • On starting practice;
  • On change of type of practice;
  • On change of address;
  • On temporary absence from duty;
  • On resumption of practice;
  • On succeeding to another practice.

Remuneration for professional services

A practitioner of Unani medicine must not make claims and statements like “No cure, no payment”.

Referrals and commission

A practitioner of Unani medicine must not give or receive any gift, commission or bonus in return for the referring or getting referrals of any patient for medical, surgical or other treatment. 

Evasion of legal restriction

A practitioner of Unani medicine must abide the laws of the country related to the practice of Unani medicine.

Professional certificates, reports and other documents

A registered practitioner of Unani medicine in certain cases might be called upon for updating the relevant information about the professional certificates & registration certificates issued by the Government.  These documents may include following: 

  1. Acts relating to birth, death or disposal of the dead.
  2. Acts relating to Lunacy and mental deficiency.
  3. Vaccination Acts and the regulations.
  4. Factory Acts and the regulations.
  5. Education Acts.
  6. Public Health Acts.
  7. Workmen’s Compensation, Act.
  8. Acts and order relating to the notification of infectious diseases.
  9. Employee’s State Insurance Act.
  10. Sick benefit insurance and friendly societies.
  11. Merchant Shipping Act.
  12. Procuring the issuing of passports.
  13. For excusing attendance in courts of justice, in public services, in public offices or in ordinary employments.
  14. In connection with rural and military matters.

Register of medical certificate issued by practi­tioner

A practitioner of Unani medicine must maintain a record of issued medical certificates with full details and complete details of the patients like the patients identification marks etc. and must keep a copy of the certificate.

Disciplinary Action

The Central Council of Indian Medicine has the following list of offences like professional misconduct and may lead to disciplinary action against Unani medicine practitioners.

Adultery or improper conduct or association with a patient. Any practitioner of Unani medicine who commits adultery or improper conduct with a patient is liable for disciplinary action under the Act. 

Unani medicine practitioner if convicted under the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 or the rules are as follows:

  • Selling scheduled poison to the Public.
  • Perform an abortion or any illegal operation for which there is no medical, surgical or psychological indication.
  • Practitioner of Unani medicine must not issue certificates of efficiency in Indian Medicine to unqualified or non-medical person.
  • Practitioner of Unani medicine must not use a huge sign board to display anything other than his name and qualifications obtained from a University or a regulatory body, titles and name of his speciality must be clearly displayed. Prescription pad must also follow the same pattern. The sign-board of a Practitioner of Unani medicine must not be displayed or fixed at a chemist’s shop or in places where he does not reside or work.
  • Patient’s records must be kept in total confidentiality and must not disclose the secrets of a patient that have been gathered during the professional consultation, but can be disclosed only in a Court of Law.
  • Informed written consent has to be taken prior to performing an operation, the consent in writing can be obtained; from husband or wife, parent or guardian in the case of a minor, or the patient himself as the case may be
  • Photographs or case reports of patients must not be published in any medical or other journal unless with the permission and written consent from the patients.
  • If a practitioner of Unani medicine is having a Nursing home and he employs assistants to help him the ultimate responsibility rests on such practitioner.
  • No practitioner of Practitioner of Unani medicine shall display publically the grade of fees. There is no objection if the practitioner displays in the practitioners’ consulting or waiting room.
  • No practitioner of Practitioner of Unani Medicine shall use touts or agents for procuring patients.

References

  1. National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM). Introduction. [Online]. Available from:  http://www.nium.in [Accessed 25th April 2010].
  2. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). Establishment of CCRUM. [Online]. Available from:  http://www.ccrum.net/ [Accessed 2nd June 2011].
  3. Central Council of Indian Medicine. [Online]. Available from: http://www.ccimindia.org [Accessed 25th April 2010].
  4. Graeco-Arabic Medicine Society Inc. The Graeco-Arabic Medicine Society Incorporated. [Online]. Available from: http://www.traditionalmedicine.net.au/graecarb.htm [Accessed 25th April 2010].
  5. Unani Medical Association. U.M.A. India. Abourt us. [Online]. Available from: http://umaindia.org/ [Accessed 25th April 2010].
  6. South African Tibb Association. What is SATA? [Online]. Available from: http://www.satibb.co.za [Accessed 25th April 2010].
  7. Pakistan Tibbi Pharmaceutical manufacturers Association. Introduction [Online]. Available from: http://www.ptpma.org/body.html [Accessed 25th April 2010].
  8. Hamdard laboratories (Waqf) Pakistan. Introduction & History. [Online]. Available from: http://www.hamdard.com.pk/ [Accessed 2nd June 2011].
  9. Medics Laboratories. Profile. [Online]. Available from: http://www.medicslab.com/ [Accessed 2nd June 2011].
  10. Marhaba laboratories. Company Overview. [Online]. Available from: http://www.marhaba.com.pk/ [Accessed 2nd June 2011].
  11. 11.  European Herbal and Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association (EHTPA). Welcome to the EHTPA. [Online]. Available from: http://ehtpa.eu/ [Accessed 2nd June 2011].
  12. Department of AYUSH. Welcome to AYUSH. [Online]. Available from: http://indianmedicine.nic.in/ [Accessed 1st March 2012].

 

 

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Background​
Country Scenario
T&CM Modalities
Malaysia T&CM Consumer Guideline